Primary Landscapes, Secondary Masterpieces

Paintings of landscapes can capture all the beautiful colors of our daily lives. It is also a great way to experiment with different color paints. Color is a very complex art element. It consists of primary, secondary, and also intermediate colors. There are different hues, values, intensity’s, tints, and shades. Confused yet? Here is a quick breakdown of the different color properties.

Now that we understand the terminology, let’s take a look at the process. I could not wait to get my fingers into the paint! Not only is it a great sensory activity, but also a fun way to experiment with colours and their properties.


I experimented with different hues, tints and shades. I added white where I wanted to lighten the value of colors, and added black where I wanted to darken it to create different shades. I also experimented with creating color gradients and complementary colors such as green and red.


Alfia’s colour palate shows us the colours she mixed together to create the desired tints and shades she wanted. She discovered that it takes a lot of white to lighten the value of blue, but only a little amount of black to darken the value of green.


Lauren decided to mix her colours directly onto her landscapes. Applying the colour straight to your art piece is a great technique and helps to blend your hues together.

Here are the finished products:

Zoe's Underwater World

Zoe’s Underwater World

Alfia's Sunny Day!

Alfia’s Sunny Day!

Lauren's Mystic Sea

Lauren’s Mystic Sea

Julia's Cinematic Sunrise

Julia’s Cinematic Sunrise

The actual process of creating the landscapes is important. It took a while for me to get use to the blending and creating the gradients. The great thing about paint is you can always change the value by adding different hues to it. There are also a million different values and intensity’s you can create, the possibilities are endless! The finished product merely reflects all the mixing and strokes you experimented with in order to create your piece of art.

There are countless activities you can adapt to a child’s lesson to teach them about colour theory. Finger painting is a great starting place, but colour can be applied to anything! The Imagination Tree gives you 20 great and simple activities to do with young children to teach them about colour and colour properties. The possibilities are endless.



Sculptures- Three Dimentional Art

Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.

There are low relief sculture and high relief sculptures.

Low relief sculture is that the figures exist almost on the same plane as the ground, but they are carved with enough depth to cast shadows.


India, Northern: Gandhara period
Tympanum in shape of a stupa, decorated with relief scenes from the life of the Buddha, 3rd century C.E.

 In high relief, at least half of the figures project forward from the surface.


Francois Rude The Departure of the Volunteers of 1792 (“La Marseillaise”) 1833-1836

Moreover, there are Frontal Sculpture, Full Round Sculpture, Ladn Scape art, and Installation art as the kinds of scultures.

As Characteristics of 3-Dimensional art,

  • Open and Clsed Forms
  • Static and Dynamic Forms
  • Interior and Exterior Contours (which refers to the surface of a form)

Here are some sculpture that we made it!!!!




By Jung-Im Julia Jung

Volume, Mass, and 3-Dimensionality


Shapes are flat. If you take a shape and give it three dimensions, it has volume.Volume (three-dimensionality) can be simulated in a two-dimensional work (like a painting).

Imagine a drawing of a glass. The drawing would be flat (two-dimensional), but it would look like it was three-dimensional (simulated or implied volume).

Now, Imagine that glass filled with water. The glass has mass, or density.


Imagine three containers. The first one is empty (filled with air); it has volume. The second container is filled with feathers. Now the container has density, or mass. The third container is filled with sand. The third container has greater density than the second one.

This self portrait by Rembrandt is an example of simulated, or implied volume. The face looks three-dimensional. In actuality, however, it is a two-dmensional (flat) artwork, a print.


embrandt Van Rijn Self-portrait in a cap, with eyes wide open, etching and burin, 1630

The sculptures by Magdalena Akanowicz have actual volume; they are three-dimensional. Because the figures are open they allow a glimpse of what the inside of a sculpture looks like.


Magdalena Akanowicz Nierozpoznani (“The Unrecognised Ones”) 2002
Cytadela park, Poznań, Poland (whole installation) photo by Radomil

These ancient Olmec sculptures iillustrate the concept of density, or mass. They appear to be (and actually are) very heavy in weight.


Monument 1, one of four colossal Olmec heads at La Venta. 9.8 ft (3 meters) tall. circa 900 BCE -400 BCE

Mass or volume can be simulated in two-dimensional work though the use of:

  • Modelling and Shading
  • Color–darker and more intense colors appear heavier
  • Placement–objects closer to the lower edge of the picture plane appear heavier
  • Size–larger objects appear heavier
  • Overlapping objects creates a sense of space

By Jung-Im Julia Jung


It starts with an idea. Perhaps a big statement you want to make. Good vibes you want to send out. Maybe you’re tired of that blank wall you always pass on your way to the bus stop and want to liven things up. Welcome to the world of guerilla street art, where you are the artist and the world is your canvas.

Guerilla art involves leaving anonymous art in public places for others to view and experience. The purpose could be to send a message or statement, or simply because you want to make a stranger smile, the possibilities are endless! And the best part is, anyone can be a guerilla artist. All you need is an idea and your walking shoes! Keri Smith, a local guerilla street artist, provides a great way to get you started: check it out here!

Anyone who has ever taken a stroll in the streets of Toronto has witnessed such art works as murals or the famous “Garden Car” of Kensington Market. The idea of a community that accepts and fosters creativity is one where young children can grow artistically and promotes the message that art can make a difference in society. One of the most important elements of guerilla art is space. Space is determined by the size of the canvas or material the artist is working with and how the different elements are arranged within that space. For example, murals are painted on lots of positive space and can therefore be filled with many elements including colors, symbols, and designs. Other guerilla art pieces can highlight one object or symbol by surrounding it with negative space. How you decide to use the space within your artwork affects the elements of the piece.


Source: Lauren Kowalczyk

Source: Lauren Kowalczyk

Source: Lauren Kowalczyk

Source: Lauren Kowalczyk

Source: Lauren Kowalczyk

Source: Lauren Kowalczyk

Leaving messages for strangers to read is a great idea for a guerilla art piece. These messages can be meant to inspire them or simply put a smile on their face. An example of a local community art campaign called the Love Letter Project is the act of leaving love poems for strangers to find and read: check it out here. I wanted to inspire others and give them some “food for thought”. I looked up some inspirational quotes from some inspirational people and wrote them on different colored cards.


As I were writing these, even I felt inspired! It’s amazing how words can have such an impact on the way people think and perceive things.

The next step was to leave them somewhere for someone to find! I decided to hide them in books at the library. All kinds of book, children’s novels, magazines, even picture books! The rush I got from hiding them made me feel alive! Imagine, someone else would find this, read it, and take a minute to interpret the words and maybe even change their day!


I hope whoever finds this appreciates the message behind it!


What’s Love Got To Do With It?

The process of drawing has always been something therapeutic for me. I can organize my thoughts and ideas by transferring them onto paper. Even doodling silly pictures on the corner of my notepad can change my mood and gives me a sense of pride in what I created.

doodles Paper Therapy

Drawing is not something that is reserved for the greats. It can be silly or serious, dark or happy. It can consist of two lines rolling across paper or be a full landscape with trees and fields.

One thing I learned about drawing is that you do not need to sweat the details. You draw because you love it and your imagination can make it whatever you want it to be.

To start my own drawing I took random items from my bag to give me inspiration and so that I had a concept of what I wanted to draw. By picking random items, I learned that it was not what you were drawing that mattered, but the process of conceptualizing and creating that gave drawing importance.

At this point this picture was all about getting rid of the details. It was about creating an open space for your imagination to take over and fill in the missing details. It was one continuous line that silhouetted what my main inspiration was.

Whoa! This drawing took a totally opposite direction. What you see is not what you are constrained to draw. Drawing is about flowing thoughts onto paper and creating something totally unique and personal to you. If everyone drew just to please others it would be a very boring world.

Doing this exercise taught me a lot about the point of doodling on a scrap piece of paper or sketching a still life scene. The point is about fostering a love for something that can be something as simple as doodle therapy as it is with me. It should never be about how impressive your final work is, but what it can do for you while you are drawing.

Children need to learn how to love drawing. There is this idea in our society that if you do not produce perfect pieces then you should not be doing art. This is completely discouraging for so many children and those that once had a love for scribbling on a sheet of paper stop, because they now feel embarrassed and scrutinized by others. As educators we need to block out that voice of society! We need to not be ashamed of our stick-men drawings and show the children that it is OK to draw as long as you love it. We also need to get them excited about the process.

Why is the person standing so far away?
Such dark colours! What does that mean?
I like how you used both pastels and acrylic paint, it really makes the trees stand out!

These are all comments and questions that can get children thinking about why they chose to draw certain things instead of worrying about getting that A+.

Using lines to define the contours of the image.

The element of lines: It can be considered a moving dot that forms marks on a surface. It is an entirely man-made product and comes in endless variety. The element of line fosters creativity and imagination as it is so limitless.

-Lauren Kowalczyk

Pretend Play- “Imagination”

My nephew really likes to play “make-believe play,” he is always pretending to be someone else such as Cowboy or Pirate like in the pictures above. He and his mom are making. building, and drawing what they need for the play such as tools and costumes with using recycles and everyday materials from home which just about everything that could have been thrown away. In this picture, they made cowboy costume and fake-horse with recycled papers and his own bicycle. They also made the ship and hat in the Pirate’s pretend play with using the color papers and milk boxes.
Pretend or make-believe play has been associated with children’s creativity, social and emotional development. Piaget and Vygotsky in particular contended that children learn constructively through their interaction with their physical, social and cultural environments and that make-believe play enhances their development. Moreover, using natural materials are encouraging open-ended and unlimited creative possibilities as well as developing problem solving, measurement, and hypothesizing skills.

by Jung-Im (Julia) Jung

Gian Lorenzo Bernini and How He is my Current Favourite Artist

the rape of proserpina Source: Pictify

When people think of the great Renaissance artists, names such as Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci first come to mind. Although these great artists created some of the most well-known and influential art of their time, I believe that Gian Lorenzo Bernini deserves credit as being one of the greatest sculptors and artist of the Renaissance. He has been my current favourite artist for a few years now and it is due to the realism and detail that is displayed in all of Bernini’s pieces.

To give some history, Bernini was a “Sculptor, architect, draughtsman and painter, son of Pietro Bernini. He is considered the most outstanding sculptor of the 17th century and a formative influence on the development of the Italian Baroque style. His astonishing abilities as a marble carver were combined with an inventive genius of the highest order.”

In the picture above, we can see one of Bernini’s more famous sculptures “The Rape of Proserpina”. The way that Bernini uses the element of shape by having defined contours and rounded edges in the marble really gives life to the sculpture. If you zoom in to the photo you can even see how the hands indent the “flesh” of the women further giving a sense of realism and intensity to the piece.

What made Bernini stand out was the energy his sculptures gave off. They were shots of action frozen in time unlike the regular posed and stoic sculptures that were usually seen.

Bernini created new styles of art and was a true Renaissance man. I believe it is important for children and educators in early childhood to be aware of the innovators in the art world to show them that there are no limits and no real rules to what can condone art. Going outside of “the norms” is where the best work is made and Bernini proved this through his timeless creations.

The Element of Shape – The form and the defined lines that make up an object. It can also be the contrasting of two areas in the forms of colour or texture.

-Lauren Kowalczk

Oil Pastel & Watercolour- Selfies

rough sketch of self portrait pastel outline finished product

In this little art project we did, we went by steps to get our final product. Although its not about the final product, we gained an insight on how it is important to complete certain projects in stages. We started off by using our non-dominate hand. This allowed us to not stick to what we think, and let go of our assumed judgements, thus setting us free of our conventional thinking of ourselves. Going through the stages aloud us to reflect on ourselves, especially in the first step. Then we got the chance to also experience how important process is because we had the opportunity to think of the task at hand rather than how we would want our final product to look. We were eventually able to develop a self expression portrait of ourselves that look like us but had qualities that expressed our personalities. We used the power of colour to shout out who we are in the portraits. Colour in itself has emotions and aesthetic feel towards it, it is subjective and everyone will have different interpretations. Although, socially we attach a social meaning to colour such as red equals anger.


When creating a portrait we are mirroring our image onto paper, as humans we are symmetrical. To be symmetrical it would mean that there is balance and both sides add up to being equal, which can be seen in our self-portraits. One side of our face practically resembles the other side, not perfectly though. If we were to cut the image in half, and examine each side, we can conclude that each side are harmonically the same weight.


Through stages we were able to experiment with each median, becoming familiar with it. Oil pastel went across the water paint paper rigidly giving a texture feel and so we decided to use water paint to conceal all white parts of the portrait. During that step, we experienced how the oil pastel met resistance when encountering water paint. The colour stayed in tact, and all the white disappeared as the water paint touched it. We used watercolour to cover the white space which gave a sense of completion since empty areas were no longer present.


It is important for educators to make connections to elements of art because they teach young children who are all creative and have fluid minds that are very abstract. Different elements of art and styles of art will allow children to expand on their knowledge and intrigue their curiosity as they grow and develop there understanding of the world.


Digital Photography: Patterns in the Environment


As I was walking down Ossington, I came across a fence at the front of a house that took my attention. At this certain angle the pattern of the bars are captivating. It was directly at my face level, which made it stand out more than usual. When we take the time to appreciate what is already there, we begin to see beauty within our city and environment.

Taking the time to observe our surrounding gives us the appreciation of the aesthetic feel. Young children can also participate and take part in observing what is around them, and recognizing patterns that exist and are embedded into our atmosphere. Pattern is also an element of art, in which is present in the photograph.

Patterns are seen as repetition that can give the sense of unity. It is easy to catch peoples interest and so this can introduce a new way of looking at things, encouraging early learners to think creatively.